STT ja Hesari uutisoivat muinaisten egyptiläisten verisuonisairauksista (uutinen ei sinänsä ole uusi, näin joskus viime kesänä saksalaislehdessä uutisen samasta aiheesta, kiinnostuin, pengoin ja tallensin linkkejä):

Jo muinaiset egyptiläiset kärsivät samanlaisista verisuonisairauksista kuin nykyihmiset. Valtimonkovettumatauti ateroskleroosi näyttää olleen aiemmin tiedettyä yleisempi faaraoiden Egyptissä, selviää Yhdysvalloissa julkaistusta tutkimuksesta.

Merkkejä ateroskleroosista on havaittu muun muassa egyptiläisen prinsessan muumiolla. Prinsessa eli vuosina 1580–1550 ennen ajanlaskumme alkua. Tutkituista yli 40 muumiosta lähes puolessa oli viitteitä verisuonten kalkkeutumisesta.

Egyptiläiset näyttävät siis saaneen samantyyppisiä sairauksia kuin nykyihmiset, vaikka he söivät kevyemmin eivätkä tupakoineet.

Muumioiltakin löytyy ahtautuneita verisuonia – HS.fi – Ulkomaat.

Alkuperäinen tutkimusreferaatti:

Regarding risk factors, although ancient Egyptians did not smoke tobacco or eat processed food or presumably lead sedentary lives, they were not hunter-gatherers. Agriculture was well established in ancient Egypt and meat consumption appears to have been common among those of high social status.The prevalence of diabetes and hypertension during this time is unknown. Computed Tomographic Assessment of Atherosclerosis in Ancient Egyptian Mummies

Lancetin laajempi pohdinta aiheesta, tyydyttynyt rasva yhdessä leivän, kakkujen ja oluen kanssa lienee tehnyt tehtävänsä?:

More recent multidisciplinary investigations of mummified remains have provided evidence of arteriosclerosis among elite groups in Egyptian society, particularly those individuals with priestly status and their immediate family members. Last year, computed tomography was used to assess atherosclerosis in a selection of 22 mummies of Egyptians with high social status. In 16 of these where the hearts or arteries could be identified, nine mummies showed evidence of vascular calcification. However, although arteriosclerosis has been clearly identified in mummies, it seems to have been fairly uncommon in ancient Egypt. This perhaps reflects the life expectancy at the time of between 40 and 50 years, even among the more affluent members of society, but may also result from differences in intakes of foodstuffs between most Egyptians and the affluent elite.
The palaeopathological evidence can now be examined in conjunction with ancient texts to provide further insight into the occurrence of the disease among the ancient Egyptian elite. We have undertaken a new translation of hieroglyphic inscriptions on Egyptian temple walls that give details of the food offered daily to the gods. Since this food was subsequently eaten by the priests and their families, the inscriptions also provide details of their dietary habits. This has enabled an estimation of the fat content to be made. Interpretation of the hieroglyphs indicates that the diet consisted mainly of beef, wildfowl, bread, fruit, vegetables, cake, wine, and beer. Many of these food items would obviously have contributed to an intake of saturated fat, and our analyses of the individual meat and wildfowl they consumed would demonstrate that all provided greater than 35% of energy from fat. Goose, which was commonly consumed, contains around 63% energy from fat with 20% being saturated, while the bread that was eaten differed from that consumed today, often being enriched with fat, milk, and eggs. The cakes were typically made with animal fat or oil. Although it is difficult to calculate exactly how much was consumed in terms of portion size, variance in food storage, preparation, and cooking methods, it is still evident from a conservative estimate that the dietary energy was more than 50% from fat with a significant portion of this coming from saturated fat. Lancet: Atherosclerosis and diet in ancient Egypt